Showing posts with label tcpdump. Show all posts
Showing posts with label tcpdump. Show all posts

Thursday, December 28, 2023

Mastering Packet Analysis with Tcpdump - Packet Analysing.

Tcpdump is a powerful command-line packet analyzer tool used for network troubleshooting and analysis. It allows the user to intercept and display the packets transmitted or received over a network to which the computer is attached. In this guide, we'll explore how to use tcpdump for various purposes, including capturing packets, filtering traffic, and analyzing packet content.

1. Display Available Interfaces:

To see a list of available network interfaces on your system:

tcpdump -D

2. Capture Packets from a Specific Interface:

To start capturing packets from a specific interface (e.g., venet0):

tcpdump -i venet0

3. Capture Only N Number of Packets:

To limit the capture to a specific number of packets (e.g., 2 packets):

tcpdump -c 2 -i venet0

4. Print Captured Packets in ASCII:

To view the captured packets in ASCII format:

tcpdump -c 2 -A -i venet0

5. Display Captured Packets in HEX and ASCII:

To view the packet's contents in both HEX and ASCII formats:

tcpdump -c 2 -XX -i venet0

Advanced Packet Capturing

6. Capture and Save Packets in a File:

To capture packets and save them to a file for later analysis:

tcpdump -w capture.pcap -i venet0 -c 2

7. Read Captured Packets from a File:

To read packets from a previously saved file:

tcpdump -r capture.pcap

8. Capture Packets from a Specific IP Address:

To capture packets involving a particular IP address:

tcpdump -n -i venet0 -c 2 src

9. Capture Only TCP Packets:

To capture only TCP packets:

tcpdump tcp -n -i venet0 -c 2

10. Capture Packets from a Specific Port:

To capture packets from a particular port (e.g., SSH port 22):

tcpdump -i venet0 -c 2 port 22

Filtering and Analyzing Traffic

11. Capture Packets with a Readable Timestamp:

To capture packets with a more readable timestamp:

tcpdump -i venet0 -c 2 -tttt

12. Read Packets Longer than N Bytes:

To capture and read packets longer than a certain size (e.g., 10 bytes):

tcpdump -i venet0 greater 10 -c 2

13. Filter Packets – Exclude ARP and RARP:

To capture all packets other than ARP and RARP:

tcpdump -i venet0 not arp and not rarp -c 2


Tcpdump is an incredibly versatile tool that can be used for a wide range of network analysis tasks. By understanding how to use its various options and filters, you can diagnose network issues, monitor traffic in real-time, and perform in-depth protocol analysis. Remember, while tcpdump can capture sensitive data, it should be used responsibly and ethically. Happy analyzing!