Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Easy cpanel WHM or linux remote backup – SSH pull rsync backups for security and integrity using incremental

$ sudo useradd -d /home/backup -m backup
$ sudo su - backup
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/backup/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory '/home/backup/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/backup/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/backup/.ssh/
The key fingerprint is:
05:8c:df:24:18:a9:9e:22:87:08:49:5b:11:7c:2f:f1 backup@host

You now need to put the public key onto your server for the root user (or if you want, a user with sudo role – its more secure though you will need to change your rsync commands to take account of that)

$ scp .ssh/

Now once that done you can test out the key is working by SSH’ing in. If you dont get asked for a password, your SSH key is setup:

$ ssh$

Configuring the backup
So now you have SSH key access from your backup machine to the Cpanel/WHM server(s) its just a case of setting up a cron job to grab your data!

$ mkdir /home/backup/server1
$ crontab -e

In crontab, add the following entry (adjust the time the job runs to ensure that your Cpanel/WHM server(s) have enough time to do thier backups. for example, i know my cpanel backups finish around 3:30 am, so I set my rsync to run at 4.30 am). You can adjust bwlimit to something you prefer. I set it to 5000KB/sec (just under 50 mbps, so 50% of my available bandwdith) to ensure my regular users aren’t inconvenienced because something is chewing up all of the servers bandwidth. I also dont backup the spamassasin bloat. This should all be on one line:

30 4 * * * rsync -av --bwlimit=5000 --progress -e ssh --exclude '*spamass*' /home/backup/server1/ > /home/backup/server1.results.txt 2>&1

Finishing up
That should be all you need. Check back the following day and look look in the /home/backup/server1.results.txt file, it should look something like this:

backup@host:~$ tail server1.results.txt
up 8 100% 0.04kB/s 0:00:00 (xfer#2755, to-check=32/437710)
3156258 100% 4.47MB/s 0:00:00 (xfer#2756, to-check=24/437710)
0 100% 0.00kB/s 0:00:00 (xfer#2757, to-check=20/437710)
0 100% 0.00kB/s 0:00:00 (xfer#2758, to-check=19/437710)
sent 3351898 bytes received 329706615 bytes 476137.97 bytes/sec
total size is 34722766009 speedup is 104.25


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