Thursday, February 27, 2014

OpenStack Installation And Configuring

The OpenStack project is an open source cloud computing platform for all types of clouds, which aims to be simple to implement, massively scalable, and feature rich. Developers and cloud computing technologists from around the world create the OpenStack project.

OpenStack provides an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) solution through a set of interrelated services. Each service offers an application programming interface (API) that facilitates this integration. Depending on your needs, you can install some or all services.

Dashboard         ---Horizon
Compute           ---Nova
Networking       ---Neutron
Object Storage  ---Swift
Block Storage   ---Cinder
Identity Service---Keystone
Image Service   ---Glance
Telemetry         ---Ceilometer
Orchestration   ---Heat

Dashboard : Horizon Provides a web-based self-service portal to interact with underlying OpenStack services, such as launching an instance, assigning IP addresses and configuring access controls.

Compute : Nova Manages the lifecycle of compute instances in an OpenStack environment. Responsibilities include spawning, scheduling and decomissioning of machines on demand.

Networking : Neutron Enables network connectivity as a service for other OpenStack services, such as OpenStack Compute. Provides an API for users to define networks and the attachments into them. Has a pluggable architecture that supports many popular networking vendors and technologies.

Storage

Object Storage : Swift Stores and retrieves arbitrary unstructured data objects via a RESTful, HTTP based API. It is highly fault tolerant with its data replication and scale out architecture. Its implementation is not like a file server with mountable directories.

Block Storage : Cinder Provides persistent block storage to running instances. Its pluggable driver architecture facilitates the creation and management of block storage devices.
Shared services

Identity Service : Keystone Provides an authentication and authorization service for other OpenStack services. Provides a catalog of endpoints for all OpenStack services.

Image Service : Glance Stores and retrieves virtual machine disk images. OpenStack Compute makes use of this during instance provisioning.

Telemetry : Ceilometer Monitors and meters the OpenStack cloud for billing, benchmarking, scalability, and statistical purposes.

Higher-level services

Orchestration : Heat Orchestrates multiple composite cloud applications by using either the native HOT template format or the AWS CloudFormation template format, through both an OpenStack-native REST API and a CloudFormation-compatible Query API.



Please run a 64 bit Os in your compute node, else you will be having issue while creating Vm running 64 bit Os. 

Steps Need to Done on the Controller Server

Networking

service iptables stop
chkconfig iptables off

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
# Internal Network
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.0.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
DEFROUTE=yes
ONBOOT=yes

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
# External Network
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.0.0.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
DEFROUTE=yes
ONBOOT=yes

service network restart

yum -y install policycoreutils setroubleshoot

setenforce 0

yum install -y euca2ools

yum install -y yum-plugin-priorities gedit curl wget nc

Setting Hostname

echo " HOSTNAME=controller" > /etc/hostname
cat /etc/hostname
echo "\n142.0.42.46 controller" >> /etc/hosts
cat /etc/hosts
hostname controller
hostname
ping -c 3 controller

Installing Ntpd Server

yum -y install ntp
service ntpd start
chkconfig ntpd on

Installing Mysql Server

yum -y install mysql mysql-server MySQL-python
service mysqld start
chkconfig mysqld on
mysql_install_db
mysql_secure_installation

set and remember the mysql root password, it will be needed through out further installation.

Installing OpenStack Yum Repos

rpm -ivUh http://repos.fedorapeople.org/repos/openstack/openstack-havana/rdo-release-havana-6.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivUh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

Installing OpenStack Packages

yum -y install openstack-utils
yum -y install openstack-selinux
yum -y install qpid-cpp-server memcached

vi /etc/qpidd.conf
auth=no
service qpidd start
chkconfig qpidd on

Installing And Configuring KeyStone

yum -y install openstack-keystone python-keystoneclient

The Identity Service uses a database to store information. Specify the location of the database in the configuration file. In this guide, we use a MySQL database on the controller node with the username keystone.

openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf sql connection mysql://keystone:password@controller/keystone

Use the openstack-db command to create the database and tables, as well as a database user called keystone to connect to the database.

openstack-db --init --service keystone --password password

Define an authorization token to use as a shared secret between the Identity Service and other OpenStack services. Use openssl to generate a random token and store it in the configuration file:

ADMIN_TOKEN=$(openssl rand -hex 10)
echo $ADMIN_TOKEN
openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf DEFAULT admin_token $ADMIN_TOKEN
keystone-manage pki_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone

By default, Keystone uses PKI tokens. Create the signing keys and certificates:

chown -R keystone:keystone /etc/keystone/* /var/log/keystone/keystone.log
service openstack-keystone start
chkconfig openstack-keystone on

Define users, tenants, and roles

export OS_SERVICE_TOKEN=$ADMIN_TOKEN
export OS_SERVICE_ENDPOINT=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0

keystone tenant-create --name=admin --description="Admin Tenant"
keystone tenant-create --name=service --description="Service Tenant"
keystone user-create --name=admin --pass=password
keystone role-create --name=admin
keystone user-role-add --user=admin --tenant=admin --role=admin

[root@server ~]# keystone tenant-create --name=admin --description="Admin Tenant"
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Admin Tenant |
| enabled | True |
| id | 56b2c2009ac4402996df23f85587eb60 |
| name | admin |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]# keystone tenant-create --name=service --description="Service Tenant"
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Service Tenant |
| enabled | True |
| id | 48606f4b78024ba5b34f1854154be27e |
| name | service |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]# keystone user-create --name=admin --pass=password
+----------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+----------+----------------------------------+
| email | |
| enabled | True |
| id | 72d9b80b1e464558ab9f563241106a69 |
| name | admin |
+----------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]# keystone role-create --name=admin
+----------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+----------+----------------------------------+
| id | ba0ed19af57f4122b4c43c8868bfb47c |
| name | admin |
+----------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]# keystone user-role-add --user=admin --tenant=admin --role=admin

Define services and API endpoints

keystone service-create --name=keystone --type=identity --description="Keystone Identity Service"

keystone endpoint-create --service-id=the_service_id_above --publicurl=http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 --internalurl=http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 --adminurl=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0

[root@server ~]# keystone service-create --name=keystone --type=identity --description="Keystone Identity Service"
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Keystone Identity Service |
| id | 05c8b4bcd2b44b59a5f8a3a8cde43c2e |
| name | keystone |
| type | identity |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

[root@server ~]# keystone endpoint-create --service-id=05c8b4bcd2b44b59a5f8a3a8cde43c2e --publicurl=http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 --internalurl=http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 --adminurl=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| adminurl | http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0 |
| id | c91bacef4e0549709109d102d26d940e |
| internalurl | http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 |
| publicurl | http://142.0.42.46:5000/v2.0 |
| region | regionOne |
| service_id | 05c8b4bcd2b44b59a5f8a3a8cde43c2e |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]#


Verify the Identity Service installation


unset OS_SERVICE_TOKEN OS_SERVICE_ENDPOINT
keystone --os-username=admin --os-password=password --os-auth-url=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0 token-get
keystone --os-username=admin --os-password=password --os-tenant-name=admin --os-auth-url=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0 token-get

export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=password
export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://142.0.42.46:35357/v2.0

keystone token-get

keystone user-list

+----------------------------------+-------+---------+-------+
| id | name | enabled | email |
+----------------------------------+-------+---------+-------+
| 72d9b80b1e464558ab9f563241106a69 | admin | True | |
+----------------------------------+-------+---------+-------+
[root@server ~]#

Install and Configure the Image Service

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf sql connection mysql://glance:password@controller/glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf sql connection mysql://glance:password@controller/glance

openstack-db --init --service glance --password password

keystone user-create --name=glance --pass=password

+----------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+----------+----------------------------------+
| email | |
| enabled | True |
| id | 903ccd5db7da45d9a15a52f37634652f |
| name | glance |
+----------+----------------------------------+

keystone user-role-add --user=glance --tenant=service --role=admin

Configure the Image Service to use the Identity Service for authentication.

Run the following commands and replace Password with the password you chose for the glance user in the Identity Service:

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_url http://142.0.42.46:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password password
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf paste_deploy flavor keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_url http://142.0.42.46:5000

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password password
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf paste_deploy flavor keystone

On CentOS
cp /usr/share/glance/glance-api-dist-paste.ini /etc/glance/glance-api-paste.ini
cp /usr/share/glance/glance-registry-dist-paste.ini /etc/glance/glance-registry-paste.ini

Edit each file to set the following options in the [filter:authtoken] section and leave any other existing option as it is.

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory=keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
auth_host=controller
admin_user=glance
admin_tenant_name=service
admin_password=GLANCE_PASS

keystone service-create --name=glance --type=image --description="Glance Image Service"
keystone endpoint-create --service-id=the_service_id_above --publicurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292 --internalurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292 --adminurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292

Output

[root@server ~]# keystone service-create --name=glance --type=image --description="Glance Image Service"
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Glance Image Service |
| id | 75a7bef17f9b4329bb84aab14e3a01ae |
| name | glance |
| type | image |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]# keystone endpoint-create --service-id=75a7bef17f9b4329bb84aab14e3a01ae --publicurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292 --internalurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292 --adminurl=http://142.0.42.46:9292
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| adminurl | http://142.0.42.46:9292 |
| id | 10fb121e1190488a85341fe34d567c36 |
| internalurl | http://142.0.42.46:9292 |
| publicurl | http://142.0.42.46:9292 |
| region | regionOne |
| service_id | 75a7bef17f9b4329bb84aab14e3a01ae |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@server ~]#

service openstack-glance-api start
service openstack-glance-registry start
chkconfig openstack-glance-api on
chkconfig openstack-glance-registry on

Verify the Image Service installation

mkdir images
cd images/
wget http://cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.1/cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img

glance image-create --name="CirrOS 0.3.1" --disk-format=qcow2 --container-format=bare --is-public=true < cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img
glance image-list

[root@server ~]# cd images/
[root@server images]# wget http://cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.1/cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img
--2014-02-27 11:48:30-- http://cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.1/cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img
Resolving cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net... 204.188.136.134, 204.188.136.74, 2001:559:0:5a::1743:3c82, ...
Connecting to cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net|204.188.136.134|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 13147648 (13M) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: “cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img”

100%[===========================================================================================================>] 13,147,648 10.1M/s in 1.2s

2014-02-27 11:48:32 (10.1 MB/s) - “cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img” saved [13147648/13147648]

[root@server images]# glance image-create --name="CirrOS 0.3.1" --disk-format=qcow2 --container-format=bare --is-public=true < cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img
+------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Property | Value |
+------------------+--------------------------------------+
| checksum | d972013792949d0d3ba628fbe8685bce |
| container_format | bare |
| created_at | 2014-02-27T16:50:47 |
| deleted | False |
| deleted_at | None |
| disk_format | qcow2 |
| id | 886c9f6a-f38c-491d-a2b4-220cf90bd064 |
| is_public | True |
| min_disk | 0 |
| min_ram | 0 |
| name | CirrOS 0.3.1 |
| owner | 56b2c2009ac4402996df23f85587eb60 |
| protected | False |
| size | 13147648 |
| status | active |
| updated_at | 2014-02-27T16:50:48 |
+------------------+--------------------------------------+
[root@server images]# glance image-list
+--------------------------------------+--------------+-------------+------------------+----------+--------+
| ID | Name | Disk Format | Container Format | Size | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+-------------+------------------+----------+--------+
| 886c9f6a-f38c-491d-a2b4-220cf90bd064 | CirrOS 0.3.1 | qcow2 | bare | 13147648 | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+-------------+------------------+----------+--------+
[root@server images]#

Install And Configure Compute controller service

yum -y install openstack-glance

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf sql connection mysql://glance:password@controller/glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf sql connection mysql://glance:password@controller/glance

openstack-db --init --service glance --password password

Set the my_ip, vncserver_listen, and vncserver_proxyclient_address configuration options to the internal IP address of the controller node:

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT my_ip 142.0.42.46
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_listen 142.0.42.46
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_proxyclient_address 142.0.42.46

keystone user-create --name=nova --pass=password
keystone user-role-add --user=nova --tenant=service --role=admin

Configure Compute to use these credentials with the Identity Service running on the controller. Replace password with your Compute password.

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password password
Add the credentials to the /etc/nova/api-paste.ini file. Add these options to the [filter:authtoken] section:
You might sometimes have to edit .ini files during initial setup. However, do not edit these files for general configuration tasks.

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
auth_host = controller
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://controller:5000/v2.0
admin_tenant_name = service
admin_user = nova
admin_password = password

Ensure that the api_paste_config=/etc/nova/api-paste.ini option is set in the /etc/nova/nova.conf file.
keystone service-create --name=nova --type=compute --description="Nova Compute service"

keystone endpoint-create --service-id=the_service_id_above --publicurl=http://controller:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s --internalurl=http://controller:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s --adminurl=http://controller:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s

service openstack-nova-api start
service openstack-nova-cert start
service openstack-nova-consoleauth start
service openstack-nova-scheduler start
service openstack-nova-conductor start
service openstack-nova-novncproxy start
chkconfig openstack-nova-api on
chkconfig openstack-nova-cert on
chkconfig openstack-nova-consoleauth on
chkconfig openstack-nova-scheduler on
chkconfig openstack-nova-conductor on
chkconfig openstack-nova-novncproxy on

nova image-list

+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------+--------+
| ID | Name | Status | Server |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------+--------+
| 886c9f6a-f38c-491d-a2b4-220cf90bd064 | CirrOS 0.3.1 | ACTIVE | |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+--------+--------+
[root@server images]#

Installing And Configuring the dashboard

yum -y install memcached python-memcached mod_wsgi openstack-dashboard

Update the ALLOWED_HOSTS in local_settings.py to include the addresses you wish to access the dashboard from.

Edit /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings:

ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['localhost', 'my-desktop', '*']
This guide assumes that you are running the Dashboard on the controller node. You can easily run the dashboard on a separate server, by changing the appropriate settings in local_settings.py.

Edit /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings and change OPENSTACK_HOST to the hostname of your Identity Service:

OPENSTACK_HOST = "controller"
Start the Apache web server and memcached:

service httpd start
service memcached start
chkconfig httpd on
chkconfig memcached on

You can now access the dashboard at http://controller/dashboard .

Configure a Compute node

yum -y install openstack-nova-compute

Edit the /etc/nova/nova.conf configuration file:

# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf database connection mysql://nova:NOVA_DBPASS@controller/nova
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user nova
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password NOVA_PASS

  1. Configure the Compute Service to use the Qpid message broker by setting these configuration keys:
    # openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf \
      DEFAULT rpc_backend nova.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
    # openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller



Configure Compute to provide remote console access to instances.

# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT my_ip 192.168.0.11
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vnc_enabled True
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_listen 0.0.0.0
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_proxyclient_address 192.168.0.11
# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf \
DEFAULT novncproxy_base_url http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html

Specify the host that runs the Image Service.

# openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT glance_host controller

Edit the /etc/nova/api-paste.ini file to add the credentials to the [filter:authtoken] section

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
auth_host = controller
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
admin_tenant_name = service
admin_user = nova
admin_password = NOVA_PASS

Start the Compute service and configure it to start when the system boots.

# service libvirtd start
# service messagebus start
# chkconfig libvirtd on
# chkconfig messagebus on
# service openstack-nova-compute start
# chkconfig openstack-nova-compute on

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