Thursday, May 8, 2014

Cgroup installation and configuration. Part 1

Installing Cgroups.
yum install libcgroup

starting Cgroup rule creator
/etc/init.d/cgconfig start

Checking the subsystem which are mounted in the kernel

lssubsys -am

ns
perf_event
net_prio
cpuset /cgroup/cpuset
cpu /cgroup/cpu
cpuacct /cgroup/cpuacct
memory /cgroup/memory
devices /cgroup/devices
freezer /cgroup/freezer
net_cls /cgroup/net_cls
blkio /cgroup/blkio
Basic subsystems are

cpuset assigns individual CPUs and memory nodes to cgroup tasks
cpu schedules CPU access (for example, according to relative shares, as in Figure 1, or for real-time processes)
cpuacct reports total CPU time used.
memory reports or limits memory use.
devices grants or denies access to devices.
freezer suspends or resumes tasks.
net_cls tags outgoing network packets with an identifier.
blkio reports or controls I/O bandwidth for block devices.

 

Checking which all subsystem are mounted using thereown filesystem
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# ls -al /cgroup/
total 8
drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 4096 May 8 07:38 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 25 root root 4096 May 8 07:27 ..
drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 0 May 8 08:31 blkio
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 cpu
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 cpuacct
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 cpuset
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 devices
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 freezer
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 memory
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 08:31 net_cls
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]#

if its not mounted manually mount it.

here following are not mounted so we can mount it.
ns
perf_event
net_prio

# mkdir /cgroup/ns
# ll /cgroup/ns/
total 0
# mount -t cgroup -o ns ns /cgroup/ns
# ll /cgroup/ns/
total 0
--w--w--w-. 1 root root 0 May 8 08:48 cgroup.event_control
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 08:48 cgroup.procs
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 08:48 notify_on_release
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 08:48 release_agent
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 08:48 tasks

Creating Cgroups under blkio for settting the different IO rate

[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]# cgcreate -g blkio:high_io
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]# cgcreate -g blkio:low_io
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]# cgcreate -g blkio:avg_io

Cgroup are created
==================
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]# ll /cgroup/blkio/|grep drwx
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 09:39 avg_io
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 09:38 high_io
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 May 8 09:39 low_io
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]#
Files inside are created automatically

[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]# ll /cgroup/blkio/avg_io/
total 0
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_merged
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_queued
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_service_bytes
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_serviced
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_service_time
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.io_wait_time
--w--w----. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.reset_stats
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.sectors
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.io_service_bytes
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.io_serviced
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.read_iops_device
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.write_bps_device
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.throttle.write_iops_device
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.time
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.weight
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 blkio.weight_device
--w--w----. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 cgroup.event_control
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 cgroup.procs
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 notify_on_release
-rw-rw-r--. 1 root root 0 May 8 09:39 tasks
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 cgroup]#

Getting Current weight-age of the sub system
cgget -r blkio.weight high_io

Setting required weight-age for the sub system
cgset -r blkio.weight=1000 high_io

Assign processes to a cgroup.

Using Pid of process
cgclassify -g blkio:high_io 1407

This has the same effect as putting PID 1410 into the tasks file:

echo 1410 >> /cgroup/blkio/high_io/tasks

Any process subsequently launched in the shell is automatically assigned to the shell's cgroup.

Alternatively, the cgexec command can launch a process in the specified cgroup:
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# cgexec -g blkio:high_io httpd
httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for ip-192-168-1-129.ec2.internal
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]#
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]#
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# pidof httpd
1521 1520 1519 1518 1517 1516 1515 1514 1513
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# cat /cgroup/blkio/high_io/tasks
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]#

For services that have a configuration file in /etc/sysconfig, you can edit the configuration file to allocate the service to a cgroup automatically. For example, add this line to /etc/sysconfig/httpd:

CGROUP_DAEMON="blkio:high_io"

Then start the service to automatically execute the processes in the specified cgroup:

===============
The changes made above will be erased on server reboot so to make the rules permanent we need to add the rule in the configuration.

 

Capturing Parameters
Up to this point, everything I've done on the command line won't persist across reboots. Once I've set up hierarchies, attached cgroups, and defined parameters the way I want them, I can capture an existing configuration with cgsnapshot:
# cgsnapshot -s > cgconfig-example.conf

now check the configuration at /etc/cgconfig.conf and do needed changes as of cgconfig-example.conf .
To clear all the setting we can use
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# cgclear
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]# lscgroup
cgroups can't be listed: Cgroup is not mounted
[root@ip-192-168-1-129 ~]#

1 comment:

  1. Just desire to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity to your submit is just excellent and that i can think you
    are a professional on this subject. Fine together with your permission let me to grasp your feed to keep updated with imminent post.
    Thanks one million and please continue the rewarding work.

    ReplyDelete